The Nazca Lines Mystery
The Nazca Lines Mystery involves the most outstanding group of geoglyphs in the world that show huge outlines of over 70 animals, insects and human creatures, with hundreds of lines and geometric patterns etched into the surface of the desert.
Located between the towns of Nazca and Palpa, the Nazca Lines cover a plateau across 53 miles. Some of the figures measure 900 feet across. This extraordinary legacy was created by the Nazca culture from about 200 BC to 700 AD.
The Nazca Lines can only be seen from high above, and were consequentially discovered from an airplane in flight in 1927. The Lines are now a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the most popular attractions in Peru.
The Nazca desert maintains a temperature around 25 C (77F) year round, making it one of the driest deserts on Earth. Its lack of wind has helped keep its lines of hummingbirds, spiders, monkeys, lizards sharks and other figures uncovered to the present day.
South of the Nazca Lines archaeologists are uncovering the ancient city of Cahuachi which hold clues the the Nazca Lines mystery. This was a major ceremonial center of the Nazca culture with several large adobe pyramids, some of which overlook much of the Nazca Lines.
The culture also constructed an impressive system of underground aqueducts that still function today. The aqueducts of Cantalloc were imperative to the Nazca culture and it helped them survive.
Cahuachi was used as a ceremonial center which hosted rituals related to agriculture, fertility and water. For unknown reasons construction of Cahuachi abruptly stopped, and the city was abandoned. Popular theory suggest that the collapse of the center was a result of environmental deterioration or the pan-Andean drought.