Australia Murray River
The Murray River is the longest river in Australia, extending from the Australian Alps to the ocean at Lake Alexandria. It meanders 2,375 kilometers and passes across inland plains, functioning as a natural border barrier between New South Wales and Victoria. Being the longest river in a generally arid continent, the river serves important ecological, cultural, and economic roles.
Many of the ancient aboriginal tribes of Australia depended on the river for their source of water, food, irrigation, and transportation. Just like in any other ancient cultures, rivers like the Murray River is revered for both its practical merits and religious or mystical appeal. One of the earliest known myth about the river was about the Great Ancestor. Based on the oral traditions of the peoples of Lake Alexandrina, the river was created by the tracks of Ngurunderi, the Great Ancestor, as he pursued Pondi, the Murray Cod.
Europeans have explored Australia as early as 1606 when the Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon and company landed on one of Australia’s shores. However, it took several centuries before the continent was colonized. It was also much later that the Murray was explored. It was only in
1824 that the river was encountered by the European explorers Hamilton Hume and William Hovell.
When Europeans colonized Australia, the Murray remained important in so many ways. Permanent settlements were founded along the riverbanks, which eventually developed into towns, cities and states. The river continued to be used as a major source of water for agricultural use and domestic use.
Long before European exploration and colonization, the river was not thoroughly used as a transportation system.
Indigenous tribes mostly used rafts and small kayaks in crossing and traveling along the river. Some areas are isolated and are not readily accessible.